What is MGO?

MGO stands for Methylglyoxal, the naturally occurring molecule that makes Manuka honey an active honey. MGO is the magic ingredient in Manuka honey – the higher the MGO, the more anti-bacterial the properties of the honey.



What is NPA?

In 1981, Dr Peter Molan, who is a professor at the University of Waikato in New Zealand, was researching the peroxide activity in honeys from around the world when he found that when he deliberately destroyed the Hydrogen Peroxide Activity (HPA) in honey that only one honey was still showing strong antibacterial activity. This activity became known as Non Peroxide Antibacterial Activity (NPA). Dr Molan went on to research this activity over many years and found that it was very stable in Manuka honey and could withstand both heat and light exposure and still remain highly active and effective.



What is DHA?

There is a chemical compound called Dihydroxyacetone (DHA), which is present in the nectar of Manuka flowers (Leptospermum). Some Manuka plants have more DHA in their nectar than others. When bees feed on the nectar of the Leptospermum containing DHA, they return to their hive and that molecule converts to MGO in the honey – it is this process that gives the honey its antimicrobial and anti-bactericidal properties.



Is it normal for honey to crystallise?

Crystallisation of any type of honey does happen from time to time, even Manuka, and this is perfectly normal. Sometimes the honey separates and forms tiny dried up crystals – this gives the appearance of having lost its smooth consistency. The crystallisation process is natural and spontaneous. Pure, raw and unheated honey has a natural tendency to crystallise over time however this has no effect on the honey other than texture. If your honey crystallises, its because it was not heated during its processing which means it will be better for your health. All Gather By honey is raw and unheated which means it may form some crystallisation. Raw and unheated honey is better for your health. To read more about crystallisation of honey, see our blog post here.



What’s the difference between Australian and NZ Manuka?

New Zealand has one native Manuka plant (Leptospermum) which produces antibacterial, therapeutic Manuka honey, whereas Australian has 87 native varieties – 15 of which produce high, and often higher, antibacterial honey than New Zealand.  This means that Australia has a wider variety of Manuka plants to ensure that Australian Manuka is more robust, more flavourful, and is available for longer periods throughout the year.




Why is raw, unheated honey better than heated (pasteurised) honey?

Raw honey is only strained before its bottled, which means it retains most of the beneficial nutrients and antioxidants that it naturally contains. Honey that is treated (heated) will undergo a variety of processing, which will remove beneficial nutrients like pollen and reduce its level of antioxidants. Gather By Australian Manuka honey is raw and unheated delivering maximum health benefits to you



What makes Manuka different from other honeys?

Manuka honey's antibacterial properties are what set it apart from traditional honey. Methylglyoxal (MGO) is its active ingredient and is responsible for these antibacterial effects. Additionally, Manuka honey has antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits. All honey is beneficial to your body but only Manuka honey is considered to be medicinal and therapeutic.



What makes Manuka honey medicinal?

Research has found that not all honeys are created equally. As bees collect different nectar from flowering plants, the honey they create has different properties. Bioactive honey has high levels of Methylglyoxal (MGO) and hydrogen peroxide-based antimicrobial activity, which gives the honey its powerful antibacterial properties. Manuka honey is a therapeutic and medicinal honey derived from Australian selected native and highly active Leptospermum plants. In Australia, this special plant is called ‘Jelly Bush’, or ‘Manuka’, and Australia is fortunate to have many varieties of this Manuka plant here.



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